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Glomerular & Vascular Diseases Specialist

Advanced Medical and Kidney Institute

Board Certified Internal Medicine & Nephrology, A Private Medical Practice located in Apple Valley, CA

When glomerular or vascular diseases are negatively affecting the function of your kidneys, the medical team at Advanced Medical and Kidney Institute can help. At the office in Apple Valley, California, board-certified nephrologist, Sunil Patel, DO, and his team offer on-site diagnostic testing to identify your specific kidney disease quickly. The staff tailors care plans to treat glomerular and vascular diseases and ensure that contributing health conditions, like diabetes and hypertension, are well-controlled. To schedule a consultation to discuss your options for treating glomerular and vascular diseases, call Advanced Medical and Kidney Institute or request an appointment online today.

Glomerular & Vascular Diseases Q&A

What are glomerular and vascular diseases?

Glomerular diseases affect kidney function by attacking the glomeruli within the kidneys. The tiny glomeruli clean your blood, and when they aren’t functioning properly, it can lead to kidney failure.

Vascular diseases refer to conditions that interfere with the flow of blood in and out of your kidneys. When blood can’t move throughout your kidneys, you can develop high blood pressure, kidney damage, and kidney failure.

Some common types of renal vascular diseases include:

Renal artery stenosis

Renal artery stenosis is a narrowing or blockage of an artery leading into the kidney. It may be due to high cholesterol, diabetes, or obesity, or a combination of these problems. The condition is usually accompanied by high blood pressure.

Renal artery aneurysm

A renal artery aneurysm describes a bulging or weakness in the artery wall in an artery that leads to the kidney. These aneurysms are typically small and asymptomatic.

Renal artery thrombosis and renal vein thrombosis

Renal thrombosis is a blood clot that forms either in an artery or vein linked to the kidney. The thrombosis can cause kidney failure because it blocks blood flow.

Atheroembolic renal disease

Atheroembolic renal disease develops when plaque from a larger artery breaks off and travels through the bloodstream, and then settles in a small renal artery and blocks the blood flow.

How are glomerular and vascular diseases diagnosed?

The team at Advanced Medical and Kidney Institute offers on-site diagnostic testing to identify glomerular and vascular diseases. 

The following tests may be used:


An arteriogram is an X-ray technology that produces images of the blood vessels. After the injection of a special dye, the X-ray follows how the dye travels through your arteries to identify narrow areas, blockages, or aneurysms.

Duplex ultrasound

A duplex ultrasound is a noninvasive imaging test that evaluates blood flow and the health of renal arteries and veins.


Renography is a nuclear radiology procedure that uses a small amount of radioactive substance to create images of the kidneys. This test can evaluate the function and structure of the kidneys to identify abnormalities.

Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)

MRA technology uses a combination of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intravenous (IV) contrast dyes to evaluate the health and function of blood vessels.

How are glomerular and vascular diseases treated?

The Advanced Medical and Kidney Institute team offers comprehensive care for both glomerular and vascular diseases. They create customized treatment plans that focus on preserving the function of your kidneys and preventing more serious health complications, including heart attacks, heart disease, and kidney failure.

Depending on the root cause of your condition, the team may use medications to treat or prevent blood clots and improve blood circulation through the renal blood vessels. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair weak vessel walls or remove blockages.

The team also provides treatment and preventive management if you have diabetes, hypertension, or existing kidney disease that may contribute to glomerular and vascular disease.

To learn more about treatment options available for glomerular and vascular disease, call Advanced Medical and Kidney Institute or request a consultation online today.